Herbal extracts is prepared from materials of herbal origin, which are obtained from varied geographical sources and vary in composition and properties.
The procedures and techniques used in the manufacture and quality control of the herbal ingredients are different from those employed for conventional chemicals and pharmaceutical active ingredients.
The application of GMP during the manufacturing and primary processing of Herbal ingredients is very important in order to avoid the contamination and assure the quality.
8 key glossaries often used in this Herb industry is as follows:
Herbs include crude materials which could be derived from Lichen, Algae, Fungi or higher plants, like leaves, flowers, fruits, fruiting bodies, seeds, stems, woods, bark, roots, rhizomes or other parts which may be entire, fragmented or powdered.
Herbal materials include, in addition to herbs, fresh juices, gums, fixed oils, essential oils, resins and dry powders of herbs
Herbal preparations are the basis for finished herbal products and may include comminuted or cut herbal materials, or extracts, tinctures and fatty oils of herbal materials. They are produced by extraction, fractionation, purification, concentration, or other physical or biological processes.
Finished herbal products
Finished herbal products consist of herbal preparations made from one or more herbs. Finished herbal products may contain excipients (including synthetic compounds or isolated constituents from herbal materials) in addition to the active ingredients.
Active botanical ingredients
Active botanical ingredients are derived from herbal materials or herbal preparations that with some known therapeutic activities. The active botanical ingredients should be standardized and constituent amount defined.
Constituents with known therapeutic activity
Constituents with known therapeutic activity are substances or groups of substances which are chemically defined and known to contribute to the therapeutic activity of a herbal material or of a preparation.
Markers are chemically defined constituents of a herbal material utilized for control purpose. They may or may not contribute to the clinical efficacy. Markers are generally employed when constituents of known therapeutic activity are not known or are not clearly identified, and may be used to identify the herbal material or preparation or calculate their quantity in the finished product.
Blending is the process of combining materials or different batches to produce a homogeneous intermediate or finished product.
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Written by Amy Yang
Amy specializes in botanical industry.
With 8+ year’s experience of global sourcing and supply chain management, she got knowledge of herbal extracts, inspection skills, GMP and suppliers management.
Amy is constantly sharing her knowledge by posts.
She always expects to receive feedback from you.